the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
Trust in Allah
35. One should have trust in Allah. Allah has said in Quran: "…And lay your trust in Allah if indeed ye are men of faith." (S. 5:23 SAL) Tawakkal (trust in Allah) means liberating (oneself) from the bondage of all of (Allah's) Creations (makhluqat), in such a way that one's sight (ruyat) should be fixed upon Allah. This means that this is pure and unadulterated slavery of Allah, and it is also perfect freedom. This is called complete trust in Allah. Another aspect of tawakkal is that all your objectives (maqsad) should finally come to Allah. And if a person trusts in Allah for a purpose (connected with) something other than Allah, he is deemed to have sought Allah's help for shirk (polytheism or assigning partners to Allah). Allah says; "…And for those who fear Allah, He (ever) prepares a way out. And He provides food for him from (sources) he never could imagine…" (S. 65: 2 and 3 AYA)
36. In other words, during our times, (the demand for) provisions and food has become such that (we begin to think) when and from where (a fixed place) we would receive our (food). That place will always be fixed (muqayyad). That is, the person who abandons his abilities and capacities (to seek a livelihood) and fully trusts in Allah, and nothing else, Allah will (then) open a way for him from a place, which he believes to be very difficult. And Allah will save him from the difficulties and hindrances of seeking a livelihood and He will send his food (rizq) from a place which he never imagined. He will not know that his food is coming from that place. Allah says: "… And for him who resteth his dependence on Allah, He will be All-Sufficient… (S. 65:3 SAL). Whoever trusts in Allah and has assigned all his affairs to Him. He is All-Sufficient to him. As for his belief in peace, the food (rizq) is safe. Know, then that Allah has created all that has been created (makhlooq) and He became the guarantor to feed the created. This is proved by Verses of Quran, (which are clear and definite in their wordings and meanings -nass-e-Qurani). Allah says: "It is Allah who hath created you and provided your sustenance. In due course will He cause you to die; thereafter will He bring you back to life…." (S. 30:40 SAL). Allah has mentioned four things (in this Quranic Verse); People believe in three of them but do not believe in the fourth. People affirm that It is He Who has created, It is He Who will cause one's death and that It is He Who will re-create one after one's death. But they do not affirm and believe in Him in respect of the provision of sustenance.
37. Prophet MuhammadSLM has said that if a person breaks all his worldly relationships and devotions (taaluqat) and becomes one of Allah and none else, Allah becomes the Guardian of all his necessities and He sends his provisions for sustenance from a place which he does not even suspect. And if a person breaks his relationship with Allah and becomes devoted to the world, Allah consigns him to the world.
38. O Allah, Most High: O King: Do not confine (the supply of ) my daily bread (rizq) to any particular person, who boasts of his favours on us, who shames us and says that he had favoured us in such a manner and who taunts us when something does not please him. If we say something to him, he shames and taunts us and tells everybody that he had favoured us, while Allah says it in a different way. He says: "I swear by Allah. I give you." He further says: "And sustenance for you is there in the heavens and that which ye have been promised." (S. 51:22 SAL). In respect of the promises regarding sustenance, He has persistently stressed it. And for emphasis, He reminds us of an oath and the causes for emphasis. First He promised: "Verily, It is Allah Who is the source of all sustenance, its Possessor, the Unshakable power!" (S. 51:58 SAL). First Allah has promised and has then stressed with the word 'ala (on), Allah says: "There is nothing that moveth on earth, the nourishment of which doth not depend on Allah." (S. 11:6 SAL). Further, He explained His promise with an example and said: "How many are the creatures that carry not their own sustenance?…" (S. 29: 60 AYA). Again He promised: "…them and you Allah feedeth…" (S. 29:60 SAL). Again, He stresses: "So, by the Lord of the heavens and the earth…" (S. 51:23 SAL) What a splendid oath (He has taken)!
39. A Hadith says: "May Allah kill those peoples (nations) who consider as untruthful as their own talk even when Allah takes an oath on His essence (nafs)." As there is no ambiguity or doubt in the Muslim confession of faith (kalimah), La Ilaha Illa Llah (There is no God but Allah) there is no doubt about Allah providing sustenance. This is quoted from Umda.
40. It is narrated that a murdarkhwar (one who eats things forbidden in Islam) became a Muslim. One day, he went to his murdarkhwar relatives. He spent about an hour in their company. When he got up to leave, his relatives asked him to eat something in their house before leaving. He said he had become a Muslim and asked: "How can I eat anything in your house?" They suggested that he should take flour, buy a new vessel from a potter and cook (his meal). He agreed and baked the bread with his own hands. When he sat down to eat, he asked his hosts if they had some curry (salan) in their house. They replied that he knew what they had. He said: "Bring some soup" They brought the mud-pot. They started pouring the soup into his mud-plate from the pot with its lid on. He asked them to remove the lid and said: "Whatever falls on its own, let it fall."
41. These days, we go to the houses of the worldly people and fraternise with them. It is obvious that our trust in Allah is like that of the murdarkhwar who went to the house of the murdarkhwars and fraternised with them. These days, whatever we eat is like that. And we call it trust in Allah (tawakkal)."
42. The author says: "We have heard this narration many times from Bandagi Miyan Shah Ni'matRZ. And we have seen the practice of Miran Syed MahmoodRZ (son of Imam MahdiAS). His (Allah's) knowing my state of affairs is enough (as a reply) to my question!"
43. O son of AdamAS, My treasure house is full. It will never be emptied. My right hand is always open for generously giving away in charity. The more you spend in My way, the more I will be giving away to you. If you become distrustful of Allah and in fear of becoming indigent, become a miser, I will refrain from bestowing (wealth) on you as much as you are stingy. For want of Trust (in Allah) you treat the indigent (masakeen) with miserliness. And the person who resolves that the purpose of his birth is striving for (earning) a livelihood and food alone, he is deemed to have doubted about My Book, and refused to acknowledge My prophets (anbia). And whoever refuted My prophets is deemed to have refuted My Divinity (rububiyat). And whoever refuted My divinity, I will throw him, face downwards, into the Hell. O descendants of Adam, I did not create you to go on piling up wealth of the world, layers upon layers, but I have created you to worship Me with devotion (ibadat), to consider yourself humble and contemptible (zaleel), and to thank Me profusely, and to recount My Purity and Chastity (paki) day and night. Food has already been divided (among the created). The greedy will always be denuded (mahroom). And the miser will always be reprehensible. And the grudger (hasid) will always be grief-stricken, Blessings become destroyed. Misfortune is abominable. And truth is already a known fact. O son of Adam, give up all worldly businesses and devote yourself to My worship; I will fill your hearts with wealth (tawangari) and your hands with food (rizq) and your body with comfort and pleasure. O son of Adam, do not neglect My worship and acts of devotion to Me; otherwise, I will fill your heart with poverty and want, keep your hands empty, inflict upon you bodily pain, fill your breast with sorrow, conceal your supplications, reject your good deeds, constrict your world and reduce your sustenance and food. Allah says: "I am essentially your Healer (charahkar). Arrange for your Healer and you can do all your work without the help of anybody and everybody. But there is no remedy for you without My help. O son of Adam, I am essentially your Healer. Get hold of your essential Healer as against everything. I alone am sufficient. And nothing else is enough for you as against Me. Good tidings to the person upon whom the world is bestowed, but whose faith (iman) remains safe and sound inspite of this worldliness. And glad tidings to the person who woke up before his death. Glad tidings to him who entered indigence, or who became indigent, despite his being a Mussalaman. Known fact does not change and what is destined will neither decrease nor increase. Whatever Allah has given everybody while apportioning his destiny at the Beginning (azal) will not decrease. What one would eat, what one would wear will not increase or decrease. Whether it is permitted or prohibited, whether it is obedience or sin, whatever (Allah) has decreed in the Beginning (azal), and has been written in one's destiny, that alone will manifest. There is no panacea other than implicit obedience and bowing (one's) head before destiny. A faqir's ascention (to seven heavens, like that of Prophet Muhammad's midnight journey from Jerusalem to the heavens) is the night of (his) starvation.
44. Satan used to ask a pious old man (buzurg) every morning: "What will you eat today?" The pious man would reply: "Death." Satan would ask: "What will you wear today?" The pious man would say: "Shroud (kafan)." Satan would ask; "Where would you live today?" The pious man would say: "In the grave." Satan would then go away disappointed.
45. The sorrows of the world emanate from the lack of sorrow in
the Hereafter (Aakhirat).
MAKTUB (Recorded in Torah): O son of Adam, I do not desire you today to do what deeds you are to accomplish tomorrow, but you want me to give you your tomorrow's sustenance today itself, although you may be going into the grave tomorrow. O son of Adam, I have created you from a sperm and I will not leave you without putting your nourishment (rizq) in your stomach. O son of Adam, you are under obligation to Me and your sustenance (rizq-nourishment) is my responsibility. Even if you contravene Me in the discharge of your obligations (farz-duties) towards Me, I will not oppose you in providing your sustenance (rizq) to you. O son of Adam, if you are content with the sustenance I provide you with, I will fill your heart with comfort, your body with rest (aram) and you will become My grateful slave. Otherwise, I will inflict sorrow on your heart and body and impose the world on you, and you will wander all over the place as the wild animals wander all over the woods, and you will also not be able to achieve what has been destined to be given to you. You are a (mere) slave of Mine. You should say: "I have assigned all my affairs to my Beloved (mahboob-that is, Allah). He may keep me alive if He likes; or He may kill me if He likes." O son of Adam, when Allah stands guarantee to your sustenance, why should you strive for it? And if your sustenance is from Allah, why this greed? And it is true that Iblis (Satan) is the enemy of Allah; why all this negligence, then? If one has to cross the Pul sirat (the narrow bridge which one has to cross to enter Paradise, according to Islamic beliefs), why all the accumulation (of wealth and materials of comfort)? When Allah's reward (sawab) being Paradise is true, why should one seek comfort in this world? If everything is subject to My will and according to the destiny formulated by Me, why should there be all this anxiety and restlessness? Do not grieve over the things lost, and do not rejoice at what is with you at present. It is written in the twenty-first chapter of Torah that death will reveal all your secrets, the day of Resurrection (Qiyamat) will disclose all news about you and the Record of your Deeds will rip open the veil over all your secrets. Hence, when you commit minor sins, do not look at the smallness of your sins, but see Whom you are disobeying? When little sustenance is given to you, do not look at the smallness of the sustenance, but see Who has given you that sustenance? Do not belittle your minor sins; how do you know which of your sins provokes His anger and annoyance? Would the doors of the Heavens be closed on your supplications for your little sustenance (rizq)? Or do not become free from anxiety about My shrewdness on your minor sins. Like the movement of an ant in a dark night, it is concealed from you. O son of Adam, when you feel stiffness in your heart, disease in your body, misfortune in your sustenance (rizq) and loss in your riches and goods, then be sure that you have done things which do not bring any benefit to you. Allah has revealed (through wahi) to Moses: "O Moses, My forgiveness will be manifested by the defects in your self (nafs). Hence, do not indulge in finding the defects of others. Do not make any humble entreaties to the people ( makhluq ) as long as My sovereignty exists. Do not move from pillar to post for your sustenance (rizq) as long as My treasure-houses do not become empty. And do not become free from anxiety about the deceit of Satan as long as he is not dead. Have the people become free from fear of Allah's shrewdness? Nobody other than the losers will become indifferent to Allah's shrewdness. O son of Adam, devote yourself to My worship, I will fill your heart with riches, your hands with sustenance (rizq) and your body with comforts. Do not become indifferent to My remembrance; (otherwise) I will fill your heart with indigence, your hands with troubles, your bosom with sorrow and your body with disease and pain. I will narrow down your world. How I wish you had been wise and you could have entered (Paradise)! O son of Adam, you serve a man like yourself, see how happy your master becomes! How kind his heart becomes! Do you not know that I cause the hearts to change? Hence, if you had served Me, I would have made him your servant. O world, serve him that serves Me with his own hands. O son of Adam, you are in the world. But do not be like the wood that gets burnt in the fire and benefits others.
46. O friend, may Allah grant you the opportunity to give up worldly business and the courage to protect yourself from (the worldly) affairs. May He keep you away from the greed of the world and the worldly people. May Allah grant you contentment (qina'at). O friend, Contentment is a realm which will make you independent of both the worlds (the Here and Hereafter). Prophet MuhammadSLM has said that contentment is a treasure that never perishes.
47. Contentment (qina'at) is not being content with a piece of bread and remaining naked, but (the seeker) should turn his face away from both the worlds and immerse himself in the remembrance of his Lord. He should be deeply in love of the Vision of his Beloved, that is, Allah. Such a person alone is called a contented, pious and Allah-fearing person.
48. These days, we lay claim to friendship with Allah and count ourselves among the seekers of Truth. But we are seeking the world and are among the seekers of the world. We keep the company of worldly people, and relate many stories (of our piety). Seekers of Allah are those people who do not know, see or recognise anybody other than Allah. Those people who go to the houses of the worldly people and cultivate their friendship are not called the seekers of Allah. These people are the seekers of the worldly people because their hopes and expectations are pinned upon them.
49. Prophet MuhammadSLM has said that greed is the mother of all evils. Greed blackens one's face. May Allah, the Most High, by His blessings, save us from the greed of things (other than Allah). May He protect us from going to the doors of the greedy.
50. O friend, the true seeker of Allah is one who adapts Trust in Allah (tawakkal) by His authority. Allah says: "The Lord of the East and the West! There is none worthy of worship except Him. Take Him then for thy Protector." (S. 73:9 SAL)
51. It is said that Trust in Allah is to give up the world and all that is in it, and desire that which is nearer Allah. Allah says: "So remember the name of thy Lord and devote thyself with a complete devotion-." (S. 73: 8 MMP) "Commemorate the name of thy Lord and devote thyself with undisturbed devotion to Him." (S. 73:8 SAL) (In other words, narrating from Allah, Prophet MuhammadSLM is asked to break all his relations with everything other than Allah and totally devote himself to His worship.)
52. O son of Adam, near you is that which is sufficient for you, and you demand that which makes you belligerent.
53. Prophet MuhammadSLM has said: "Glad tidings to him who is given sustenance (rizq) as much as is enough for him and is content with that which is given to him by Allah.
54. O my friend, if you were to taste the honour and deliciousness of contentment (qina'at) and are fully aware of the knowledge of its virtues; by Allah, you would never bow your head in front of even the kings with greed and would not consider the world worth even a grain of barley.
55. It is not contentment (qina'at) if you are satisfied with a piece of bread or a piece of cloth to cover private parts of the body, but contentment is that which suffices at the remembrance of Allah, His love and your eagerness (to please Him), and indifference to everything, including both worlds, other than Allah, and follow Prophet Muhammad SLM.
56. Prophet MuhammadSLM has said that if a person is content with a little food that Allah has given him, Allah will be content with a few good deeds of that person.
57. Prophet MuhammadSLM has said that a man's worth is analogous to his courage.
58. Prophet MuhammadSLM has said: "Verily Allah cherishes the heights of courage and despises meanness."
59. Prophet MuhammadSLM has said: "The person, who wakes up in the morning aiming at things other than Allah, does not belong to Allah, unless he repents (tauba) the sin which people do not take into account. And that sin is the love for the world. This malady is strange and its remedy too is more difficult than all the other remedies." The fact, however, is that its healers too are very few. The healer of this malady is a learned man who practices (what he preaches - aalim-e-ba-amal). These days the learned people themselves are the sufferers (patients); they cannot heal themselves because the love for the world, which is the most deadly disease, is a sin graver than all the gravest of sins and it is rampant among the learned people. Hence, they are absorbed in the world. How can they save others from the world? If they try to save others, they will themselves be disgraced. They are themselves in great disgrace; how could they advise others to be good? Hence, they have adapted a policy of worldly prudence in the name of sulh-e-kul (desire to be friendly with all) to be friends with worldly people. They gave sermons on renunciation of the world, the worldly desires, falsehood and calumny and other things. But they never practiced what they preached. In this way they disgraced themselves. Hence, the malady has reached the magnitude of an epidemic but no remedy is available. The so-called healers are engaged in the profession of alluring and enticing the people. How one wishes that when they were not good themselves, they should have reconciled and made peace and should not have embarked on mischief. Or at least, they could have kept quiet. They are like a boulder at the mouth of a valley (wadi). It neither drinks the water, not allows it to flow so that others could drink it. Know it well that the person who believes that the world would be (polluting) only his body and that his heart would not be affected, is proud. He is like the person who is immersed in honey and thinks that flies would not sit on his body.
60. All the narrations and traditions (of the Prophet) reported in this chapter only go to describe our own conditions and circumstances that we have contacts and relations with the worldly people and we go to the houses of the wealthy people. How can we then speak the Truth in front of them? Out of necessity, we say that the followers of Imam Mahdi AS should not be called worldly (dunya-dar) people.
61. Prophet MuhammadSLM has said: "Do not be in the company of the dead." He was asked: "Who are the dead?" He said: "The rich of my community (umma)." Again, he was asked: "Who are the rich of the umma?" The ProphetSLM said: "Those who have these three attributes: those who relish good food and desire good clothing and remain busy in meaningless things."
62. Imam Muhammad GhazaliRA has said: "If the people, who possess these three attributes greet you with a salam, do not reply to them. And if they die, do not seek their salvation (from Allah)."
63. Prophet MuhammadSLM has said: "He who honours the rich is a bad dog."
64. It is reported by Hazrat JabirRZ that Prophet Muhammad SLM said that wealth creates hypocrisy (munafiqi) in the heart, as water causes the growth of a (corn) field."
65. Prophet MuhammadSLM has said: "Four things are major sins (gunah-e-kabira): to put on the dress of the sufis (mystics) for seeking the world, to claim the friendship of righteous people but not acting like them and to censure the rich but to seek (money) from them." Then, there is a man who does not show his means of livelihood and lives on the earnings of others.
66. It is reported by Umar bin AufRZ that Prophet Muhammad SLM has said: "I swear by Allah, I am not afraid of your indigence (muhtaji), but I am afraid of the world being widened for you as it (the world) was widened for your predecessors, and you begin to desire it as they (your predecessors) had desired it, and it (the world ) would destroy you as it had destroyed them." Allah has said (in Quran): "…Let not (the attractions of) the life present deceive you: and let not the deceiver (Satan) cheat you of Allah. Yea, Satan is your foe: Ye too hold him then as a foe… (S. 35:5 and 6 SAL) "Had I not enjoined on you, O sons of Adam! 'Do not serve Satan, since he is your declared foe, But serve Me, since that is the straight path. He did lead astray quite a host of you. Did you even pay a thought to what that would lead to?" (S. 36:60 to 62 SAL) "And remember Our servant Job (Ayyuub) who had cried to his Lord 'Verily, Satan hath brought on me pain and suffering." (S. 38:41 SAL) Allah has said: " Indeed he beheld clearly the greatest of the signs of his Lord." (S. 53:18 SAL) Prophet MuhammadSLM took a pause at this Quranic Verse. While he was reciting the Verse, Satan cast (ilqa-a doubt ) that these idols (buth) were among the birds flying high and their salvation can be expected. (But) Allah says in Quran: "We have not sent any apostle or prophet before thee whose desire (for the reform of his people) Satan (or those opposed to the Prophet and bore ill-will towards him) did not try to cross in some manner; but Allah has in every case brought to naught what Satan had attempted…" (S. 22:52 SAL) Hence, one should be careful because Satan has not spared any messenger or apostle or saint. One should, therefore, seek protection from Allah.
67. Muraqaba (observation) has two meanings. One, muraqaba is raqabat which means muhafazat (protection). Here it means that one should protect (or cleanse) one's heart (or mind) from thoughts and ideas other than those of Allah, and engage oneself in the remembrance of Allah. And one should see oneself as the point of Allah's awareness (matla'). In other words, one should understand that Allah is Present and Seeing. He is seeing every condition (halat) of ours. This is the muraqaba of the beginners. The other muraqaba is derived from ruqub which means seeing or sighting. This muraqaba means that one should immerse oneself in the beauty (jamal) and splendour or loftiness (jalal) of the nature and essence (zath) and attributes (sifat) of Allah, so much so that no other thing should be in the mind. This is the muraqaba of the fully accomplished (muntahi). Hence, the observance of the manifest deeds is possible with the distraction of the mind. But muraqaba without the recess or emptiness of the mind Khilwat-e-batin is never possible. Hence, O friend, the seeker of Allah (haq-Truth) should always be in muraqaba. If he were ever to dream (of anything), he should inform his murshid (spiritual guide) and should not be proud of himself.
68. Imam Muhammad GhazaliRA says that Satan comes to the devotees of Allah to deceive them. Satan tells them: "O you who are so close to Allah, O you who are the better of all the created (men), do you not see blessings and gifts (a'tiyaat), nearness to and miracles of Allah; do you not see the inspirations (ilhamat) of Allah that He has bestowed on you the speech (kalam) of the people (ahl-e-maarifat) who have recognised the knowledge of the Truth and its nuances. Do such nuances are made known to people other than the dear and near ones of Allah? Hence, if you desire (and supplicate) from your Allah, your desire will be fulfilled (by Allah). See, how close you are to Allah! And how kind Allah is to you. Hence, if you swear by Allah, your oath will certainly not be falsified. There is no doubt that the angels are observing your deeds and good state. Hence, which other person is a true servant and faithful slave of Allah? Your excellences (fazilat) and merits have become known to the people of the time (ahl-e-zamana). People are ignorant of the condition you are in." Satan says this and similar other things. So much so that he puts the man in perfidy and deceit. But if Allah saves him from the deceit of Satan by His grace, he becomes aware of Satan's perfidy. And he can rise to the highest positions of nearness to Allah. And it is at this time that he achieves salvation from the troubles of the depths of persuasiveness (of other people). This is so because the power to convert himself into the light (noor) and be seen as such has been bestowed upon Satan . The poor person who does not know, cannot distinguish whether the light thus seen is that of Allah, or Satan is deceiving. At that time, he should immediately recite: " La haula wala quwwata illa billah" (there is no power to hold a man from sinning nor any to make him do good deeds except the Grace of Allah)." If it is the divine light, there would be no change. But if it is the Satanic light, it will fade away.
69. It is narrated that one day Satan was going on his way with a bridle in his hand. Hazrat Bayazid Bustami RA happened to see him. He asked Satan: "Where are you going?" He replied: "I will put this bridle in the mouth of the proud people." Bayazid RA asked: "Have you ever come towards me too?" Satan said: "Thousands like you are grazing in my flock."
70. In such circumstances, only the blessings and grace of Allah are needed. Most of the work of the religion (deen) is very difficult: the path is narrow, the night is dark and the horse is lame. Alas, no spiritual guide or reformer will be able to help. (Hence, nothing other than the blessings and grace of Allah will help.)
71. It is reported from the saying of Hazrat EsaAS (Jesus AS) that he told his companions to be scared of their sins. "We are from the group of prophets (and we also fear). Because the enemy (Satan) comes with doubts and temptations to us who recognize Allah. He enters through the path of the Unity of the essence and attributes of Allah among us. He enters among (the group of ) our disciples through the path of difficulties and temptations. Hence, you should weep and cry from your heart if your eyes have not shed tears. The weeping of the heart is grief and fear."
72. O friend, people have heard the name of Iblis (Satan) but they do not know how much pride he has in his head. He does not care for anybody, neither a prophet nor a saint. In prayers, "Au'zu billahi minash Shaytanir-rajeem" (I seek the protection of Allah from the accursed stoned Satan) is said. The reason for this is that Satan has a head full of pride and he is the leader of the proud and self-centred people. Allah has given these details in Quran. Satan told Allah: "…Me thou hast created of fire and him of mere clay." (S. 7:12 SAL) This is his pride.
73. O friend, Satan even awakens people for their prayers. It is reported in SALAT-E-MASOODI that Khwaja Hasan BasariRA was sleeping one morning. Satan came and woke him up. He said: "Wake up so that you do not miss the first takbir in your morning prayers." The Khwaja replied: "Your aim is to see that people should miss and forgo their prayers. What is the matter? Why are you waking me up?" Satan said: "Once you had missed the first takbir with the imam in prayers. For that, you cried (repented) so much that Allah granted the reward (sawab) of ten thousand first takbirs to you. I was afraid today that again Allah would grant the reward of ten thousand first takbirs to you if you miss first takbir today and start crying (repenting) again. Hence, I woke you up today so that you say your prayers and get the reward for only one first takbir."
74. And Satan tempted Adam in Paradise and said, as Allah has said in Quran, "Your Lord hath forbidden you to taste anything of this tree in order that you should never grow into angels or attain immortality." (S. 7:20 SAL) Allah warns: "O children of Adam! Let not Satan lead you astray even as he led your parents out of the Garden…" (S. 7:27 SAL)
75. And it is narrated by Hazrat HuzaifaRZ that a time would come when the carcass of a donkey would be more friendly than the mumin (faithful) who orders them to do good deeds and forbids evil.
76. It is narrated that Sultan-al-Arifeen (Emperor of learned mystics) Bayazid BustamiRA took stock of his own humility and told himself: "If you are a man, get hanged as MansurRA bin Hallaj did; if you are a woman, become Rabe'a (Basari RA). You are neither, you are only a eunuch." One day he put on a scarf (damani) over his head (like a eunuch); a kangan (bracelet) on his wrist, applied mascara (kajal) on the eye-lids and took a tambourine in his hands. He then joined a group of eunuchs at the marketplace. His disciples came running to him and, seeing him in this garb, asked: "What is all this?" In reply, BayazidRA said: "For recognizing Allah, we have done justice to our self (zath). Neither we are men nor women. We are mere eunuchs and, therefore, I am standing in a group of eunuchs." This way he tried to show his humility.
77. It is narrated that among the Children of Israil, a person collected eighty biers of knowledge but did not get any benefit from it. Then Allah sent a revelation (wahi) to their prophet to tell the collector of knowledge that it would be of no use even if he were to collect more knowledge unless he were to act in accordance with the following three commandments:
1. "Do not have any love for the world because it is not the home of the faithful (mumineen);
2. Do not become a friend of Satan because he is never a friend of the faithful (mumineen); and
3. Do not give any trouble to anybody because it is not the calling of the faithful (mumineen)". Allah has said: " So avoid him who avoids remembering Us and desireth nothing but the life of this world. This is the utmost they can comprehend…" (S. 53:29 and 30 SAL)
78. Prophet MuhammadSLM has said that on the Day of Resurrection, people will be asked: "Where are the people who worshipped (other) people? Stand up. And collect your wages from the people for whom you did your deeds. No deed which was adulterated or polluted (aameezish) will be accepted."
79. The mullahs told (Imam MahdiAS): "How can we discuss anything with you? You are not bound by any religion. (Religion here refers to the four schools of Fiqh founded by Imams Abu Hanifa, Hanbal, Shafei and MalikimRA). The answer you give comes directly from (the text of) Quran, and we do not understand Quran. We are bound by the religion of Imam Abu HanifaRA." In reply, Imam MahdiAS said: "Although I am not bound by any religion, my religion is the Book of Allah (Quran) and adherence to and compliance with Prophet MuhammadSLM. " Further he said: "Follow this and then tell me how you will treat a person who goes out (of the limits) of Imam Azam'sRA religion and acts against it." After this, Imam Mahdi AS said: "What do these ignorant people know the meaning of religion. The meaning of religion is the deeds of Imam AzamRA and not his sayings. And the sunnat (habitual practice) of Prophet Muhammad SLM is his deeds, and not his sayings (guftar). All the Shariat Laws which have been reported in the books of Fiqh are the sayings of Prophet MuhammadSLM, and not his deeds. Hence, the religion of Imam Azam (Abu HanifaRA) is his deeds. This is well-known."
80. The mullahs said: "You call Muslims kafir and order them to become mumins (faithfuls)." In reply, Imam MahdiAS said: "We are entrusted with the Quran. We too call kafir a person whom Quran calls kafir. We do not say anything on our own. We are subject to Quran." Further, Imam MahdiAS said: "I put before you the Book of Allah, I invite the people (makhluq) to the Unity (tauhid) and worship of Allah. I have been appointed by Allah for this job."
81. Prophet MuhammadSLM said: "I am opposed to Dajjal (Anti-christ). I fear for you about Dajjal." He was asked: "What is Dajjal?" Prophet MuhammadSLM said: "Ulama-e-sue (scholars of the evil)."
82. Under the chapter about Zulm' (oppression) in Mishkat (a book on the traditions of Prophet MuhammadSLM), it is reported by Hazrat Ibn UmarRZ that Prophet MuhammadSLM said: "Zulm is darkness on the Day of Resurrection." This tradition (hadith) is accepted as true and correct by consensus.
83. Abu Musa (Ash'ari)RZ reports that Prophet MuhammadSLM had said: "Verily, Allah allows an oppressor for a long time, so much so that when He tightens His grip, He does not loosen it." After this, Prophet MuhammadSLM recited the Quranic Verse which in translation says: " Such was the grip of thy Lord when He grips any city that has gone wicked. Verily, His grip is painfully terrible." (S. 11:102 SAL)
84. It is reported by Ibn UmarRZ that when Prophet Muhammad SLM was passing through the place (called) Hajar, he said: "Do not enter the houses of these people who had oppressed their selves (nafus). But remain in tearful crying, lest you too be afflicted by the same disaster (aafat), as had befallen them." The Prophet then raised his head, supplicated for the people of the valley and he started walking ahead fast. This tradition is accepted as true and correct by consensus.
85. It is reported by Hazrat Abu HurairaRZ that Prophet MuhammadSLM said, if anybody oppresses one of his brothers, insults him or in any other manner troubles or dishonours him, he should seek the latter's forgiveness the same day, before he loses his money (dinar-o-dirham). If the oppressor has done any good deeds, his rewards (sawab) will be taken away from him in proportion to his oppression. If he has done no good deeds at all, the burden of the sins of the oppressed will be on the oppressor. Bukhari (the author of a book of traditions) has reported this Hadith.
86. The same source quotes Prophet MuhammadSLM as asking: "Do you know an indigent (muflis)?" Those present answered: "An indigent among us is one who has no money, no belongings and no wealth." The Prophet replied: "Verily, an indigent from my community (umma) is one who comes on the Day of Resurrection, with all the assets like saying his daily prayers, observing his fasts and paying his poor-money (zakat) but in a condition where he had abused anybody, made false allegations against anybody, or had misappropriated other people's wealth or had beaten anybody or had killed somebody. These prayers, fasts, et cetra will be his assets and these abuses, false allegations and blood-letting will be his sins. Hence, if his good deeds perish before the Final Judgment, he will be punished for the sins of those whom he has oppressed. And all the evil deeds of the oppressed will be assigned to the oppressor. Then, he will be thrown into the Hell. Muslim, author of another book of Prophet Muhammad's traditions, has reported this tradition.
87. The same source also reports that Prophet MuhammadSLM had said: "You will have to settle the rights of the rightful people, so much so that the sheep with the horns will be punished for the sins of the sheep without horns." Muslim has reported this tradition and has mentioned a tradition reported by JabirRZ.
88. Jabir's tradition quotes the ProphetSLM as saying: "Protect yourself from oppressing others." This tradition is in the second fasal (section) of the chapter on Infaq (expenditure).
89. Hazrath HuzayfaRZ quotes Prophet MuhammadSLM as saying: "You do not become the man who agrees with the opinion of others thoughtlessly. Like those who say that we will do good to people who do good to us and we will oppress those who oppress us. Do not think like that but think or do good to people who do not oppress good to you and do good to those who hurt you or subject you to loss." Tirmizi has reported this.
90. Prophet MusaAS (Moses AS) asked Allah why He had given long lives to the kings of the yore. Allah said: "O Musa, they had inhabited and populated my cities and did justice among My servants."
91. Prophet MuhammadSLM has said kingship would survive if the king did justice even if he was a kafir; it would not survive if the king was an oppressor although he might be mumin (faithful).
92. Prophet MuhammadSLM has said the kings were shepherds and asked who would tend the herds of sheep if the shepherd himself were to become a wolf? Allah has said: "Had there been among the generations before you, barring only a few whom We had saved, a set of people endowed with the talent to forbid and prevent wrong-doing on earth, the evil-doers among them would not have gone on following their selfish pursuits and turn transgressors." (S. 11:116 SAL). The word 'man' in 'mimman' is in this Quranic Verse is for emphasis and not for division (tab'id). This is so because salvation is only for those who prevented evil-doing. Allah has said: "… We inflicted a severe chastisement on those who had done wrong, and saved those who had admonished them" (S. 7:165 SAL). Further, it means that few are those to whom Allah gave salvation; they had prevented evil doing. Saying that they used to follow the oppressors means that they had followed the oppressors in achieving the evil desires (shahwaat)..., Allah says: "And lean not on the evil-doers lest the Fire lay hold on you also. You have no protector save Allah, for ye can have no true help from anywhere else" (S. 11:113 SAL). Do not incline towards the oppressors and do not befriend them.
93. A Hadith-e-Qudsi asks Prophet MuhammadSLM not to befriend or to become an associate of anybody other than fuqara (sufi mendicants), to remain in their company and to be away from the wealthy and refrain from sitting in their company, because the fuqara are His friends.
94. Prophet MuhammadSLM has said: " O AishaRZ, if
you want to meet me, you should be content with the worldly things in a
quantity that is equal to the provisions that a horseman takes with him
for his journey. Avoid sitting in the company of the rich. Do not hang
your cloth so much that you may have to lift it." (Tirmizi). Hence,
we should consider and think over the poor, because we read these
Quranic Verses and we try to explain them. We should be careful.