Tark-e-Duniya (Renunciation of the World)  
 
* The Messenger of Allah (SAS) said "Whoever loves his worldly life, will suffer in his Hereafter, and whoever loves his Hereafter, will suffer in his worldly life.Therefore, chose that which is everlasting over that which is temporal." (Imam Ahmad recorded from Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari, Hakim in Mustadrak)

* Allah Apostle said, "If I had gold equal to the mountain of Uhud, it would not please me that anything of it should remain with me after three nights (i.e., I would spend all of it in Allah's Cause) except what I would keep for repaying debts." (Narrated Abu Huraira, Volume 8, Book 76, Number 452)

* Abu Dharr (radi Allahu anhu) said: “While I was walking with the Prophet in the Harra of Madina, Uhud came in sight. The Prophet said, ‘O Abu Dharr!’ I said, ‘Labbaik, O Allah's Apostle!’ He said, ‘I would not like to have gold equal to this mountain of Uhud, unless nothing of it, not even a single Dinar of it remains with me for more than three days, except something which I would keep for repaying debts. I would have spent all of it (distributed it) amongst Allah's slaves like this, and like this, and like this.’ The Prophet pointed out with his hand towards his right, his left and his back (while illustrating it). He proceeded with his walk and said, ‘The rich are in fact the poor (little rewarded) on the Day of Resurrection except those who spend their wealth like this, and like this, and like this, to their right, left and back, but such people are few in number.’” [Sahih Bukhari]

* The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “I am not afraid that you will worship others besides Allah, but I am afraid that the worldly life will tempt you and cause to compete with each other for it". (Narrated by Hazrat Uqba bin Amir, Sahih Bukhari Book 64 Chapter 17)

* The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “The people will soon summon one another to attack you, as people when eating invite others to share their dish.”
Someone asked: “Will that be because of our small numbers at that time?”
He (peace be upon him) replied: “No, you will be numerous at that time: but you will be scum and rubbish like that carried down by a torrent, and Allah will take away the fear of you from the breasts of your enemy, and put ‘wahn’ (enervation) into your hearts.”
Someone asked: “ What is wahn (enervation) O Messenger of Allah” The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) replied: “Love of the world, and the dislike of death.”
(Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 4284 Narrated by Thawban)

* Abu UmamahRZ narrates from RasulullahSLM that he said, 'The most envied person in my sight among my friends is that believer who has:
  1. Little wealth,
  2. A share (concentration) in Salaat,
  3. Worships Allah and obeys Allah (even) in secret,
  4. is not popular among people and fingers are not pointed towards him (people do not refer to him),
  5. his sustenance is sufficient and he is patient (content) on that.
Then RasulullahSLM flipped his finger and said, '(the above referred person) passes away quickly (as explained by flipping his finger), there are few to mourn his death and he has few heirs.'
(Mishkaat)

* Ka'b ibn AyaazRZ narrates that RasulullahSLM said, 'Verily for every Ummah there was a Fitna (test) and the test of my Ummah is (excessive) wealth.' (Mishkaat)

* Hadhrat Abdullah ibn Mas'oodRZ narrates that RasulullahSLM slept on a straw mat. When he stood up (we noticed) the straw mat left marks on the body of RasulullahSLM (due to the straw mat being rough). Ibn Mas'oodRZ said, 'Oh Prophet of Allah! had you ordered us we should have spread (a comfortable bed) for you. (Upon that) RasulullahSLM said, 'I do not have any love for the (comforts of the) world. My relationship with the (comfort of the) world is nothing but like a traveller who (while travelling) seeks shadow under a tree and rest there and thereafter leaves.' (Mishkaat)

* Sahl bin Sad As-Sai’di (radi Allahu anhu) reported: “A man came to the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, guide me to such an action which if I do Allah will love me and the people will also love me.’ He (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said, ‘Have no desire for this world, Allah will love you; and have no desire for what people possess, people will love you.’” [Ibn Majah]

* Ibn Mas'oodRZ narrates that RasulullahSLM said, "Do not undertake such a profession that (due to that profession) you engross yourself in the (gloss and glory) of the world." (Mishkaat)

* Ka'ab ibn MaalikRZ narrates from his father that RasulullahSLM said, "Two hungry wolves sent to a flock of sheep is not more harmful (to the flock) than (a religious harm) to a person greedy for wealth and position." (Mishkaat)

* Abu MusaRZ narrates that RasulullahSLM said, 'Whosoever loves (excessively) his world (wealth), (the consequences of such love is) he will harm his hereafter (by being neglectful to his religious obligations) and whosoever loves (excessively) his hereafter, he will harm his world. So give preference to that which remains (hereafter) over that which perishes.' (Mishkaat)

* Hadhrat Amr ibn AufRZ states that RasulullahSLM said, 'By Allah, it is not poverty that I fear upon you, but I fear that the world (materialistic things) will be spread before you as it was spread before the nations that preceded you and you will compete with one another (resulting) in the world (materialistic things) destroying you as it destroyed them.' (Mishkaat)

* Hadhrat Abu HurayraRZ narrates that RasulullahSLM said, "The world is a prison for a believer and paradise for a disbeliever." (Mishkaat)

* Abdullah bin MasudRZ reported: Messenger of Allah (saws) said: “Do not crave for property lest you should be absorbed in the desire of the worldly life.” (At-Tirmidhi Hadith quoted from the Book Riyah-us-Saliheen Book No. 1 Chapter 55: Excellence of Ascetic life. Hadith No. 479 page 434)

* Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "There is no right for the son of Adam except in these (four things): A house to live in, a cloth to cover therewith his private parts, bread and water.” (Narrated by Uthman bin Affan (r.a.) Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 482 Topic Excellence of Ascetic life from Riyad-us-Saliheen Volume 1 Published by Darussalam)

* The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Be in this world like a stranger or wayfarer.”
(Narratted by Abdullah bin Umar (RZ) Hadith No. 574 Sahih Al Bukhari)

* The Messenger of Allah (SAS) said: "On the Day of Judgement, the people who were in comfort (in the world), will wish that their skin was cut up with scissors, due to what they see of the reward of those who were tested and suffered (in this world)." [At-Tirmidhi narrated from Jabir (RZ)]

*“The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) stood by a place full of human bones and said to the people, ‘Do you like to look at the world?’ He then took a rotten cloth and decomposed bone and said, ‘This is the world.’” [Ihya Ulum Id Deen by Imam Ghazali]

 
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